Communities need public infrastructure—such as updated roads, sewer mains, public transportation, parks, etc.—to keep them functioning. Typically, the local municipality takes care of these needs, but sometimes specific areas want (or need) improvements beyond those that the city or town as a whole can provide.
Public Infrastructure Districts are fundraising tools that help neighborhoods come together and pay for those improvements. Not only can these improvements prevent the area from becoming run down, but in the long run, they can incentivize development and increase property values for everyone involved.
As an added benefit, PIDs help neighborhoods develop in a more self-sufficient manner by making them pay more of the cost of public infrastructure developments that they are the primary users of. This reduces the subsidy burden placed on the rest of the residents in the municipality.
As established in Utah Code (§17D-4-203), PIDs have specific powers to do the following:
And that’s it!
Note: A PID does not have power over zoning, planning, design specifications and approvals, land use, or, of course, approving the PID in the first place. The local municipality is still the governing body in the community; the PID is just a way to finance neighborhood-specific projects.