Water exactions in the context of land use planning refers to requirements imposed by local governments on developers to provide or contribute to water-related infrastructure and resources as a condition for obtaining land use approvals. These exactions can be considered a form of development impact fees which are intended to address the increased demand for water services and infrastructure resulting from new developments.
Typically, water exactions can take on various forms, including dedication of water shares, land for water facilities, funding the construction of water system improvements (i.e., treatment plants), or contributing to water conservation programs.
The goal of exactions is to ensure that new developments do not overburden existing water resources and systems, and that the necessary infrastructure is in place to support sustainable growth. However, sometimes legalities and fairness of water exactions are subject to scrutiny so local governments must balance the need for infrastructure funding with the rights of property owners and developers.
Special Note: The Office of the Property Rights Ombudsman has provided funding for this training program from the 1% surcharge on all building permits in the State of Utah.